The goals are not legally binding, but there is strong international political pressure for cooperation, says Marina Andrijevic, an analyst at Climate Analytics. Much of this pressure has been generated by the commitments of the United States: as the main driver of emissions, the country`s willingness to participate has been very important. And further progress has also been made in recent years on the powerful global warming gases – fluorofluorocarbons, which for the first time had been effectively regulated internationally by the Montreal Protocol – which may have added additional heat in the near future and brought to a halt the US Paris targets. The scientific proposal to protect at least 30% of the world`s land and seas by 2030 is now the draft UN goal for surface conservation within the global framework of the Convention on Biological Diversity after 2020. This 30×30 proposal is one of the main solutions based on nature, with strong support to the world. Nearly 40 countries from all continents have come together to form an interregional group called the High Ambition Coalition for Nature and People (HAC), which aims for a comprehensive agreement to protect at least 30% of the country and the world`s oceans by 2030. France, the President of Cop21 and the United Kingdom, President of COP26 are co-chairs of the HAC with Costa Rica, as well as dozens of other countries. However, the report offers good news. Despite the steady increase in total emissions, the audit showed that global CO2 emissions from fossil fuel use, cement production and international transport have stabilized by about 35 billion tonnes of CO2 equivalent since 2014. European Union: the EU has been a relatively early user of climate targets.

In 2009, it set a target of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 20% by 2020; Its Paris target has risen to 40% by 2030. Its current policies would allow it to exceed this objective if fully implemented. In May, the EU formally adopted a series of measures to set a binding target for 32% of electricity generation from renewable energy sources by 2030.